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...safe from the time of Ulysses!
THE VARIOUS NAMES OF CORFU
Corcyra: (Doric dialect) the daughter of the Assopus river.
The sea-god, Poseidon, fell in love with her, abducted her, and brought her to this island, giving it her name.
Faikas: Τhe son of Poseidon and Corcyra, from whom comes the name “the island of the Faikes” (also spelt Phaeceans).
Harpi - Drepani: translates as 'harp' and 'scythe' - names given to Corfu in ancient times due to its shape.
Scheria: The Homeric island, which was settled by the Phaeceans, descendants of Nausithos, offspring of Poseidon, when they deserted their former homeland.
Hyperia: a) 'en schero' = long, continuous, endless time b) 'scheros' = coast, seashore.
According to this interpretation Scheria means the continuous shoreline, the endless coast.
Corfu: 1) The fortified town, located on two summits, or peaks, established by its inhabitants to defend themselves from attacks.
Today this is called the Old Fortress, formerly known however as the town of Corypho (the peaks)
2) 'Korpho' - the name given by the Franks to the gulf and the town , a corruption of the Latin word 'Golfo'.
Narrow paved little roads aside Venetian buildings, with a French and British influence motive for the visitors. History, Civilization and Tradition are presented in a number of museums and galleries. Corfu never was conquered from the Ottomans and so its civilization is entwined with Venice and England.
The Old Town of Corfu. A monument that belongs in the list of UNESCO since 2007.
Narrow little roads, the Kadunas, as they are named, tall, two-story buildings with brick roofs, old churches and hagiographies of great matter, as well as many museums, gain the interest of those who choose the Old Town for their strolls. The Old Town of Corfu, in some way is “delimited” from the two fortresses:
The Old and the New Fortress were built from the Venetians in 1570.
The Spianada. Spianada square is considered the largest square in all of Greece. It is located opposite the old fortress and is surrounded by impressive buildings, such as the English Palace and the two building complexes with the arches (“Stroll”) the Liston.
Liston. It is the most famous sidewalk of Corfu and centers the city life for hundreds of years. The old mansions that form big arches, apses on their ground floor are their trademarks.
Kampielo is the oldest district with its very narrow alleys.
The oldest building in Corfu is believed to be that of number 18 on Filellinon Street. It dates back to 1497.
The Town Hall. It is impressive and is located in one of the town squares that form the narrow Kadunas.
The Catholic Metropolis of San Giacomo is one of the most beautiful architectural creations that anyone can meet in the Kadunas of Corfu. It was built during the 16th century.
Aghios Ioannis and “Notre foreign” accommodate many religious relics from the Greatest Artists of Corfu.
The church of Aghios Spyridonas, the protector of the island. Is considered one of the most significant Byzantine monuments of Corfu..
Panagia Antivouniotissa, a building of the 15th century.
The Metropolis of Corfu, a building of the 16th century.
The Kremasti square with its elaborate rock well. Here there are many restaurants that will offer you the traditional delicacies of the local cuisine, whilst you can ever enjoy the traditional drinks of Corfu
Museum of Asian Art. Today, this unique museum includes in its collections about 15.000 objects of asian art, the Far East and India.
The Serbian Museum of Corfu recites a quite unknown aspect of the Corfiot, Greek as well as the world history.
Mainly though from the archaeological site of Palaiopolis, Kassiopi and the ancient cemeteries that have been excavated.
The Byzantine Museum-Museum of Antivouniotissas. It is housed at the church of Panagia Antivouniotissas in the area of Kabielo.
Museum of Bank notes. It is housed at the old building of the Ionian Bank. Amongst the rarest exhibits of the Museum of Bank Notes, from the Ottoman era, a Chinese bank note dating back to 1.300 A.d.
The Mon Repo Museum. A palace that was built from the English commissioner in 1830 when the island was under under British sovereignty. Today it also houses the museum of Palaiopolis, ie Ancient Corfu.
Museum of Solomos. It is the house of our great national poet, at the 3rd byway of Arseniou str. In Mouragia.
The “Nikolaos Mantzaros” Music Museum. It displays rare musical instruments in honour of Nikolaos Matzaros. He was the composer of the Greek national anthem and the composer of the Olympic anthem.
The “Ioannis Kapodistrias” Museum. It is located near the Evropouli village, 3km from the city. The exhibits are personal items of the Governor.
Municipal Art Gallery. It contains some of the greatest paintings of the Ionian painters of the 19th century as well as engraving and sculpture works. It is also housed in the palace of Saints Michael and George.
Reading Society. The Reading Society building has more than 10.000 volumes of the Ionian Bibliography, as well as a rich General Library.
The building of the Ionian Parliament is located at the crossings of Moustoksidi and Zabeli streets, with exhibits from the fights for the freedom of the Ionian Islands.
The Ionian Academy is located at the Southwestern part of the Upper Square of Spianada. The Ionian Academy is the first Greek University.
Museums ouside the city of Corfu
Achilleion. The Achilleion mansion that was built in 1890 from Queen Elizabeth of Austria-Hungary, today is a museum and historical site.
Museum of Folk costumes in Peleka. In the mountain village of Pelakas, there is a great private collection of folk costumes mainly of the 19th century.
Palaiopolis of the 8th century B.C. Where the first archaeological excavations of 1843, Palaiopolis was found. It is estimated that it was the city center, opposite the present Mon Repo. The archaeological excavations brought light to ruins of temples, houses, workshops, baths, public markets, works of art, everyday objects and places of worship.
The Neratzihas Tower is located behind the present cemetery and is the only part of the ancient wall at a height of 6 metres of the 4th century B.C. which survives.
The teple of Artemis is of Doricstyle of the 6th century B.C. Some parts of it have been saved, including the altar and the huge pediment of the Temple. The Fronton is kept in the Archaeological Museum of Corfu
The Temple of Apollo in Kardaki, a temple of Doric style, is located in the Mon Repo Estate.
The Menekratis Monument is located in the area of Garitsa. The most impressive part of the monument is the archaic inscription of 10 verses, the oldest inscription found in Greek area, which is read upside down.
The Old Harbour that is located in of the Spianada square and reaches up to Garitsa.
Kanoni. An area after Mon Repo, with a nice view to the lagoon and the southern part of Corfu.
The Moni of Saint Vlachernas and the Pontikonisi that are located under the area of Kanoni.
Pelekas with the most beautiful sunset! Watching the sun sink into the sea of the Adriatic.
Ipsos, Barbouti, Kassiopi, Kalami, Roda, Sidari, Ermones, Palaiokastritsa, Glyfada, Ai Gordi, Saint Gearge of the Ices, Pelekas, Kontogialos, Gyaliskari, Xalikounas, Issos, St.George of Argyradon, Mpenitses, Marathias, Santa Barbara, Vitalades, Kavos Messogi, Moraitika etc.