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The first immigrant was said to e Agkaios from Arkadia who participated at the Argonaut expedition. According to this tradition, the first immigrants at the island were Iones from the Epidaurus area, bringing with them the worshiping of goddess Hera.
Samos is the home of significant personalities of the ancient world, the grate mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras, the philosopher Epicuros, and the founder of the heliocentric theory, Aristarhos.
Herodotus and Aesop lived for big periods of time at the island, while according to the mythology, Goddess Hera was born there.
It was a big maritime and one of the most important trading centers in Aegean. With very fast ships, the “Sameness’”, the trading of the famous wines and ceramics spread. The island flourished during the period (532- 522). During the ancient times, the communication with the Ionian coast was taking place with the Eptastadio straight, since the distance is less than 1300m. It is the closest to the Turkish coast, Greek island.
Vathi is the capital and the central port of the island. The city of Samos is one of the most beautiful island towns, with the neoclassic buildings and old mansions. The picturesque Vathi, connected with the city of Samos is built amphitheatrically around the cove of Vathi.
Hora, the capital of Samos until 1854, has a lot in order to be proud. Traditional settlement with cable stone allies.
Pythagoreio, Ancient Samos: The port of Pythagoras. Built on the ruins of ancient Samos, with its current port that coincides with the oldest artificial Mediterranean- one of “the ‘wonderful works of the island”, according to Herodotus.
Archeological sites- Museums
Gallery it is housed in the town hall. It consists of historical relics of the island from the year 1821 until the modern times. Amongst others, Samos’ constitution is exposed. This is where the Samos parliament was housed as well.
Archeological Museum: It is housed at two buildings. One of them is old (Paschalio Arheophylakio) and the other modern (1987). It includes collections of archaic sculpture.
The monument of Pythagoras. At the jetty of the old port monument of Pythagoras, one of the most important philosophers worldwide.
New archeological museum. At the center of the ancient city. It hosts about 3.000 exhibits (pots and sculptures)
Folklore museum. The traditional jobs revive here; entire labs reflect a snap shot of the old days.
Efpalinio trench. The eighth wonder of antiquity.
The eighth wonder of antiquity has been characterized as the Efpalinio trench. It is dug into the bowels of mountain Kastro or Kastri and was the aqueduct of the city. It is 80m deep and 104m long, causing worldwide admiration because of its construction with the technical means of that period. The order for the construction gave the tyrant Polycratis, architecture and mechanic was the Megaritis architecture Efpalinos.
Policratia walls. At the ridge of mountain “Kastro”, over Pythagorio, at a height of 238m, there is a part from the walls of Polycratis, 6klm long.
Ireon World heritage.
The homonym, small village along the beach with its grate history, is the place where people have said that Hera was born. The archeological site of Hereon characterized as world heritage by UNESCO.
Towers The oldest of all is the Tower of Nikolaos Sarakinis.
Historical as much as impressive buildings as the Principality are Palace, the Trading school and the Chatzigiannios Library, while some old mansions will destruct your attention at the Meseo Karlovasi as well.
Museum National history of the Aegean. The facials that are exhibited at the Museum belong to animals that lived at the island and especially at the area of the village Mytilinioi 8-10 million years ago.
Marathokambos What characterizes Marathocambos is that it combines the traditional element with the modern comfort. The cave of Pythagoras is located at Marathocambos. This is the cave where, according to the tradition, Pythagoras, the famous mathematician found shelter when Polycratis was pursuing him.
Spatharei is the heist balcony at the Aegean.
Pagondas is located west of Myli and in height of 180 meters.
Kokari It is one of the nicest fishing villages at the island, with a highly developed tourist infrastructior.
Waterfalls at the river. Three kilometers outside Karlovasi, at the area of “potami” are the famous natural waterfalls of Samos. The waterfalls form two small lakes, perfect for the ones who want to swim at their gold waters.
Limniona, Votsalakia and Psili Ammos Tsamadou, Small and Big Seitani, Aspres, Avlakia, Ireon, Kokari, Potami, Chrisi Ammos Marathokambos, Pythagorio beach, Small and Big Laka,
Potokaki, Posidonio, Micali, Limnionas, Kerveli, Tambou, Petalides and more.
Monasteries and churches
The church of St. Spyridon, the monastery of Panaggia, Monastery of Timios Stavros and more.